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KNEE JOINT ANATOMY
Knee Joint Anatomy medical trial graphics
The knee contains two joints, the tibio-femoral joint and the patello-femoral joint. The tibio-femoral joint, is between the tibia or shin bone, and the femur or thigh bone.
It is stabilized by the two collateral ligaments, the two cruciate ligaments, the two menisci and the muscles around the knee. Knee Joint Anatomy medical trial graphics.
The patello-femoral joint is between the patellar or knee cap, and the femur. It is stabilized by the medial retinaculum, the vastus medialis oblique muscle, the patella tendon and the quadriceps tendon.
The joint capsule surrounds the knee joints, keeping the synovial fluid in, and blood and adjacent tissues out. Knee Joint Anatomy medical trial graphics.
The articulating surfaces at the ends of the tibia and the femur, and the inner surface of the patella, are covered by a smooth articular cartilage. medical trial graphics.