The original bulldog was unlike the English bulldog known today. The breed originated as a cattle drover and “catch dog” used to catch and hold cows or other livestock until they could be corralled. This bulldog also was used as a property guardian. The breed’s temperament and physical attributes made them good multipurpose dogs working for the people who emigrated from England to the United States, especially those who settled in the South. The dogs brought to the United States were often identified using different type or breed names, but they most frequently were called bulldogs. Over time, these dogs came close to extinction. In the mid-20th century, two men decided to restore the type: John D. Johnson and Allen Scott. Virtually every American bulldog in existence today can trace his or her pedigree back to Johnson’s foundation stud dog “Dick the Bruiser” or Scott’s foundation stud dog “Mac the Masher”.