The Supreme Court ruling on Roe v. Wade makes state bans on abortion unenforceable and unconstitutional.
But conservative activists and lawmakers hope to use the bans as a strategy to overturn the 1973 ruling.
Alabama's new law bans nearly all abortions, even if it is pregnancy via rape and incest.
When the bills are challenged legally, they have a chance to be picked up by the Supreme Court.
Once there, the justices would have to determine whether to uphold Roe v. Wade, or set a new precedent.