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An armored fighting vehicle, or AFV, is a combat vehicle, protected by strong armor and generally armed with weapons, which combines operational mobility, tical offensive, and defensive capabilities. AFVs can be wheeled or tracked. It is not uncommon for AFVs to be simply referred to as armour.\r
Armored fighting vehicles are classified according to their intended role on the battlefield and chareristics. This classification is not absolute; at different times different countries will classify the same vehicle in different roles. For example, armored personnel carriers were generally replaced by infantry fighting vehicles in a similar role, but the latter has some capabilities lacking in the former. There may also be hybrid vehicles, such as the Stryker family of AFVs; the M1128 Mobile Gun System, an armored car which mounts a large 105 mm gun normally used in tank destroyers, but can theoretically be reconfigured to the M1126 Infantry Carrier Vehicle.\r
Successful general-purpose armored fighting vehicles often also serve as the base of a whole family of specialized vehicles, for example, the M113 and MT-LB tracked carriers, and the MOWAG Piranha wheeled AFV.