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    Scientists Find Giant Camel Fossil in Arctic

    Geo Beats

    by Geo Beats

    Scientists find a giant camel fossil in the Arctic.

    Most of us know what a modern day camel looks like.

    But around 3.5 million years ago, giant camels roamed the arctic forests, and today their remains have been found in Canada.

    30 bone fragments were found in the tundra.

    The remains were mummified, rather than fossilized, and had remnants of collagen proteins.

    Protein analysis of the bones shows that the animal is related to present day camels.

    Scientists have been aware of the fact that camels evolved in North America, but this is the northernmost latitude that evidence of ancient camels has been found.

    Doctor Mike Buckley, an author of the study from the University of Manchester, said: "It suggests that many of the adaptations that we currently think of, in terms of camels being adapted to warm desert-like environments, could have actually originated through adaptation to quite the opposite extreme... cold, harsh environments.”

    Some evolutionary traits that work well for both types of environments include flat feet for walking on sand and snow, and the camel’s hump, which stores fat to help the animal survive through harsh conditions.

    The ancient camels were about 30 percent larger than modern day camels, and scientists think that they only had one hump.