Publicat la 28.01.2013
are an English-Irish pop boy band based in London, consisting of members Niall Horan, Zayn Malik, Liam Payne, Harry Styles, and Louis Tomlinson. They signed with Simon Cowell's record label Syco Records after being formed and finishing third in the seventh series of British television singing competition The X Factor in 2010. The group subsequently signed in the United States with Columbia Records. Their two albums Up All Night (2011) and Take Me Home (2012), broke several records, topped the charts of most major markets, and generated worldwide chart-topping singles, including "What Makes You Beautiful" and "Live While We're Young".
Propelled to international success by the power of social media, One Direction are often described as sparking the resurgence in the boy band concept, and of forming part of a new "British Invasion" in the United States. Their achievements include a BRIT Award and 3 MTV Video Music Awards. As of November 2012, the boy band have sold over 15 million records worldwide. According to Nick Gatfield, the chairman and chief executive of Sony Music Entertainment UK, One Direction represented a $50 million business empire by June 2012. They were proclaimed 2012's 'Top New Artist' by Billboard,while The Huffington Post named 2012 "The Year of One Direction,
The X Factor, formation, and record deal (2010–11)'
In 2010, Niall Horan, Zayn Malik, Liam Payne, Harry Styles, and Louis Tomlinson auditioned as solo candidates for the seventh series of British television reality singing competition The X Factor. Failing to progress to the "Boys" category at "judges' houses", after a suggestion by guest judge Nicole Scherzinger,they were put together to form a five-piece boy band at Wembley Arena, London, England, July 2010, during the stage of the competition,thus qualifying for the "Groups" category. Subsequently, the group got together for two weeks to get to know each other and to practise. Styles came up with the name One Direction. For their qualifying song at "judges' houses", and their first song as a group, One Direction sang an acoustic version of "Torn".In the live shows within four weeks, they were Simon Cowell's last act in the competition.The group quickly gained popularity in the UK.One Direction finished in third place and immediately after the final, their song "Forever Young", which would have been released if they had won The X Factor, was leaked onto the internet.Shortly afterwards it was confirmed, One Direction had been signed by Cowell to a reported £2 million Syco Records record contract.Recording for their debut album began in January 2011, as they flew to Los Angeles to work with producer RedOne.A One Direction-licensed book, One Direction: Forever Young (Our Official X Factor Story), was published by HarperCollins in February 2011,subsequently topping The Sunday Times Best Seller list.The same month, the boy band and other contestants from the series participated in the X Factor Live Tour.The tour saw the group performing for 500,000 people throughout the UK. After the tour concluded in April 2011, the group continued working on their debut album. Recording took place in Stockholm, London, and Los Angeles, as One Direction worked with producers Carl Falk, Savan Kotecha, Steve Mac, and Rami Yacoub, among others
Take Me Home and world tour (2012–present)
One Direction's second studio album, Take Me Home, was released in November 2012.The Independent reported in April 2012 that Cowell had challenged music's "most successful" songwriters to compete for space on One Direction's second studio album.Dee Demirbag, responsible for international artists and repertoire at music publisher, BMG Rights Management in Scandinavia, said: "Breaking a boy band in the US is about as big as it gets in the music industry, so you can imagine the competition to get cuts on the next One Direction album is immense."In May 2012, One Direction began recording the album in Stockholm, Sweden.The lead single "Live While We're Young", released in September 2012, peaked inside the top ten in almost every country it charted and recorded the highest one-week opening sales figure for a song by a non-US artist in the US.With the album and its second single "Little Things" both debuting simultaneously at number one in the UK, One Direction became the youngest act in British chart history to achieve this feat. In addition, Take Me Home sold 540,000 copies in its first week in the US, debuted atop the Billboard 200—making them the first British group to have both their debut album and its follow-up go straight to the top of the chart, and topped the charts in more than thirty-four other countries.Their debut album Up All Night became the third best-selling album (1,616,000) and Take Me Home the fifth best-selling album (1,340,000) of 2012 in the United States, making the vocal quintet the first act to place two albums in the year-end top five in the Nielsen SoundScan era