Prevention of prostate cancer (Endosterol)

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Research suggests that you may be able to reduce your risk of developing prostate cancer through certain lifestyle changes, such as:

stopping smoking
eating a healthy, balanced diet with at least five portions of fruit and vegetables a day – especially tomatoes, which contain a substance called lycopene that may be protective
Getting enough vitamin D may reduce your risk of developing a number of cancers, including prostate cancer – although more research needs to be done to be certain. Vitamin D is also well known to be important for bone health.

Vitamin D is produced naturally by your body when your skin is exposed to sunlight and can also be obtained from some foods, such as oily fish. You may get enough vitamin D during summer by spending frequent short spells in the sun without wearing sunscreen (the exact time you need is different for everyone, but is typically only a few minutes in the middle of the day). However, don’t let your skin redden. If you don't get much sun exposure and particularly during winter months, taking up to 25 micrograms of vitamin D a day (two high-strength 12.5 microgram capsules) can help to make sure you get enough.

Always read the patient information leaflet that comes with your supplements. Talk to your GP before taking vitamin D supplements if you’re taking diuretics for high blood pressure or have a history of kidney stones or kidney failure.