The Punnai Nallur Mariamman temple is an Hindu temple located at Thanjavur in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. The temple of goddess Mariamman is one of the famous temples around Thanjavur District.
The Maratta rulers following the Cholas use to worship Mariamman. Once a Maratta ruler went to pilgrimage to Samayapuram Mariamman near Thiruchirappalli. After he returned to Thanjavur, Mariamman appeared on his dream and mentioned that She is residing at the Punnai forest 5 km on the east direction of Thanjavur. The King went and saw a white-ant hill (Putru) and started building a temple around it. The Maratta rulers Thulaja, Serfoji also worshipped and constructed the present day temple.
Originally the Amman was in the form of white-ant hill (Putru). The Great saint Sadhasiva Brammendra swamy shaped the white-ant hill (Putru) into a form of Mariamman and also installed a powerful Chakra.
The goddess cures her devotees of all physical ailments. A charismatic yet considerate form is seen here. Mud replicas of the different parts of the human body are placed in the temple as offering and pleading the mother for cure. This temple was constructed at the place and the idol installed and so the deity of this temple is known as Punnainallur Mariamman. It is said that the daughter of Tulaja Raja (1729-35) of Tanjore, who lost her eyesight in an illness, regained it on offering worship at this temple.
Saint Sathasiva Brahmendral visited this place, installed Srichakram and shaped a face of Mariamman over the Putru. Hence there is no anointing to the deity, instead all anointing are done to Vishnu Durgai and Proceeding deity near the sanctum. Once in five years Thailabishekam (Punugu sattam) is placed for a period of forty eight days over the putru, during that time a curtain is placed drawn with image of Amman.
Even now during summer we can see a water pellet (sweat) in Goddess face and forehead. Hence to reduce the heat in the sanctum water is filled around it.
The goddess cures her devotees of all physical ailments. A charismatic yet considerate form is seen here. Mud replicas of the different parts of the human body are placed in the temple as an offering and pleading the mother for cure.