AMG was incorporated in the Netherlands in November 2006. While AMG is a new company, its constituent units have significant operating histories. The company is organised into two units: Advanced Materials and Engineering Systems.
Advanced Materials Unit
The Advanced Materials unit traces its origins in the development and production of specialty metals to 1911, when GfE Gesselschaft für Elektrometallurgie mbH was founded as a producer of vanadium alloys and chemicals in Nürnberg, Germany. In 1937, GfE expanded its products and operations through the establishing of a UK subsidiary, London & Scandinavian Metallurgical Company, Ltd . In the 1940s, GfE reincorporated itself in the United States, where it operated under the name Metallurg, Inc. In the late 1970s, Metallurg expanded its operations into Brazil through the acquisition of Companhia Industrial Fluminense.
Société Industrielle et Chimique de l’Aisne (SICA) , the predecessor company to Sudamin Holding S.A. , entered the antimony trioxide business in 1933 and has been operating at the same facility in Chauny, France, since then. SICA expanded its antimony trioxide capacity with the acquisition of another French producer in 2001.
Engineering Systems Unit
The Engineering Systems unit traces its origins to the several predecessor companies of ALD Vacuum Technologies GmbH , founded in Germany during the mid-1800s. In the 1940’s, various German industrial companies combined their product and process expertise in the field of vacuum furnace metallurgy to form the immediate predecessor to ALD. In 1994, Leybold-Durferrit, the parent organisation of these combined entities, spun out its vacuum furnace division to form ALD. Since then, ALD has achieved global leadership in many vacuum furnace applications including solar silicon melting and crystallization and turbine blade coating. Additionally, ALD established its “Own & Operate” service model and has opened facilities in North America and Europe.
Graphit Kropfmühl AG
Graphit Kropfmühl AG is a majority controlled, publicly listed subsidiary of AMG. Based on its secure raw material sources in Africa, China and Europe, Graphit Kropfmühl is a specialist in the production of silicon metal and the extraction, processing and refining of natural crystalline graphite for a wide range of energy saving industrial applications.