Around 200 people raised the Morning Star flag in Indonesia's Papua province in December 2001, in a symbolic move to mark the Papuan independence campaign that has been pursued since 1962.
Filep Karma was arrested at that ceremony and jailed 15 years for flying the outlawed Papua flag.
And he warns, in a secretly recorded interview with Al Jazeera, that the decision to renew military co-operation between the US and Indonesia could have dangerous consequences for the Papuan people.
Step Vaessen reports. (July 31, 2010)