The First building to strike the eye when one comes up to Shimla by rail is The Viceregal Lodge or better known today as The Indian Institute of Advanced Study. The Building which had witnessed the most turbulent phase in Indian history-the slow coming of the Viceroys, their cloaks and ermine tippets to their their sudden and swift departure. It saw the change in its inmates from politicians and generals to professors and scholars. The Institute which was housed in the building on 20th October 1965 grew to become 'an internationally recognized centre of high creativity and excellence'. It had its years of dormancy but after that it grew and is still growing to achieve new vistas and conquering new horizons.