"The Devil Went Down to Georgia" is a country song written and performed by the Charlie Daniels Band and released on their 1979 album Million Mile Reflections. The song is written in the key of D Minor. Vassar Clements originally wrote the melody an octave lower, in a tune called "Lonesome Fiddle Blues". Charlie Daniels Band moved it up an octave and put words to it. The song's verses are closer to being spoken rather than sung. Satan's and Johnny's performances are played as instrumental bridges during the song.
A sequel to the song, "The Devil Comes Back to Georgia," was recorded by Daniels and fiddle player Mark O'Connor in 1993, featuring guest performances by Travis Tritt, Marty Stuart and Johnny Cash. In the sequel, Johnny has grown into a man, who is married and has a child. Hoping to take advantage of Johnny's sinful pride, the Devil challenges him to a rematch. The ending does not outright state the victor.
The song has been covered many times throughout the years, including versions by Sublime, Jerry Reed, Blues Traveler, Primus and Pomeroy. Toy Dolls did their version of "The Devil Went Down to Scunthorpe" in 1997, with the fiddles exchanged for guitars, and Those Darn Accordions released a cover in which Johnny was replaced with a girl named "Big Lou" and the fiddles replaced with accordions. The Levellers closed their breakthrough 1992 Glastonbury set with a punk rock cover of the song with Johnny's violin section played intact but the Devil's performance replaced with the riff from Nirvana's Smells Like Teen Spirit.
In the season four episode of The Muppet Show guest starring Alan Arkin, the Muppets performed their own rendition of the song with a Muppet Devil.