Learn 5 Uncommon Facts About Camels. One of the most amazing desert mammals in the world is the camel, whose name means "beauty" in the original Arabic. Despite what many people think, the hump on the camel does not store water, but rather fat. Camels are experts at storing water, but when they do get the chance to drink, they can consume up to forty gallons of water at once. Among other reasons, camels are unique in that their red blood cells are oval-shaped, in order to cope better with dehydration. Camels mate throughout the year and the males will show dominance by extruding a fleshy sack from their throats.