Lumbar Spine Pathology Degenerative Disc Disease informed consent videos. Shows a lateral view of a normal and a degenerate L4-5 segment during flexion-extension. Also shows a superior view of the L4-5 disc and L5 vertebra during the natural progress of degenerative disc disease - nucleus degeneration, vertebral body lipping, ligamentum flava hypertrophy/kinking, facet joint cartilage degeneration and osteophytes, spinal canal stenosis and nerve root radiculopathy.
When you sit, stand up, bend or twist, large compressive forces are applied to your spine. There are several factors that determine the ability of your inter-vertebral discs to handle these forces:
your inherited make-up
disc health - worsened by smoking, poor nutrition, sedentary lifestyle, weak muscles, and obesity
poor posture - while standing and lifting
heavy loads during activities.
for more information. Lumbar Spine Pathology Degenerative Disc Disease informed consent videos.