Jon Lord(Deep Purple) - Child in Time(1970),live in Concert,from Bucharest Royal Palace Hall in 2010 with Solist; Steve Balsamo and Katia Laska.
Jonathan Douglas "Jon" Lord (9 June 1941 – 16 July 2012) was an English composer, pianist and Hammond organ player known for his pioneering work in fusing rock with classical or baroque forms, especially with Deep Purple, as well as Whitesnake, Paice, Ashton & Lord, The Artwoods and The Flower Pot Men. Lord's solo albums often included orchestral works.
In 1968 Lord founded Deep Purple, where he was virtually the leader of the band until 1970. Lord wrote, jointly with the other members, many of the band's most popular songs. He and drummer Ian Paice were the only constant band members during the band's existence from 1968 to 1976 and from when they reformed in 1984 until Lord's retirement from the band in 2002. On 11 November 2010 Lord became an Honorary Fellow of Stevenson College, Edinburgh. On 15 July 2011 he was awarded an honorary Doctor of Music degree by his home city's University of Leicester. Lord died on 16 July 2012 after a pulmonary embolism. He had been suffering from pancreatic cancer.
Growing up in Leicester
Lord was born in Leicester, England, on 9 June 1941 to Miriam (1912–1995, née Hudson) and Reg. He studied classical piano from the age of five, and this was a recurring trademark influence in his work. In particular his influences ranged from J. S. Bach (a constant connection in his music and his keyboard improvisation) to Medieval popular music and the English tradition of Edward Elgar. He attended Wyggeston Grammar School for Boys where he gained an A-level in music and then worked as a clerk in a solicitor's office for two years.
As a young man, Lord absorbed the blues sounds that played a key part in his rock career, principally the raw sounds of the great American blues organists Jimmy Smith, Jimmy McGriff and "Brother" Jack McDuff ("Rock Candy"), as well as the stage showmanship of Jerry Lee Lewis. The jazz-blues organ style of these musicians in the 1950s and 1960s, using the trademark blues-organ sound of the Hammond organ (B3 and C3 models) and combining it with the Leslie speaker system (the well-known Hammond-Leslie speaker combo), were seminal influences. Lord also stated that he was heavily influenced by the organ-based progressive rock played by Vanilla Fudge after seeing that band perform in the UK in 1967.Keyboard contemporaries in the 1970s, such as Keith Emerson and Rick Wakeman, generally steered away from the blues or only showcased it as a novelty, but Lord embraced it fully into his style.
Formation of Deep Purple;
In early 1967, through his roommate Chris Curtis of The Searchers, Lord met businessman Tony Edwards who was looking to invest in the music business. Session guitarist Ritchie Blackmore was called in and met Lord for the first time. But Chris Curtis' erratic behavior led the trio nowhere. Edwards was impressed enough by Jon Lord to ask him to form a band after Curtis faded out. Simper was contacted, and Blackmore recalled from Hamburg. Top English drummer Bobby Woodman was the initial choice for the drums, but during the auditions for a singer, Rod Evans of The Maze came in with his drummer, Ian Paice. Blackmore, who had been impressed by Paice's drumming when he'd met him in 1967, quickly ensured an audition for Paice as well. The band was initially called Roundabout, which by March 1968 had morphed into the "Mark 1" lineup of Deep Purple: Lord, Simper, Blackmore, Paice and Evans.
Lord also helped form Boz, some of the recordings of which were produced by Derek Lawrence, featuring Boz Burrell (later of Bad Company), Blackmore on guitar, drummer Paice and bassist Chas Hodges (later of 'Cockney' pop group Chas & Dave).
Deep Purple; 1968–1970
It was in this period that Lord's trademark keyboard sound emerged. Ignoring the emergence of the Moog synthesizer as pioneered in rock by such players as Keith Emerson, he began experimenting with a keyboard sound centred on the Hammond organ but heavier than a blues sound and often featuring distortion.This delivered a rhythmic foundation to complement Blackmore's speed and virtuosity on lead guitar. Lord also loved the sound of an RMI 368 Electra-Piano and Harpsichord, which he used on such songs as "Demon's Eye", and "Space Truckin'". In 1973 Lord's original Hammond C3 gave out and he purchased another from Christine McVie of Fleetwood Mac. Also around this time, Lord and his keyboard technician, Mike Phillips, combined his Hammond C3 Organ with the RMI. (Lord kept this particular Hammond C3 until his retirement from the band in 2002.)
Lord pushed the Hammond-Leslie sound through Marshall amplification, creating a growling, heavy, mechanical sound that gave a rhythmic counterpoint to Blackmore's lead playing. It also allowed Lord to compete with Blackmore as a soloist, with an organ that sounded as prominent as a lead guitar. Said one reviewer.