Biodiversity in Critical Condition—UN and Swedish Reports

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Biodiversity is a major environmental issue but not discussed as much as other issues such as climate change. The United Nations and a Swedish environmental organization released reports about the loss of biodiversity and ecosystems services, with some alarming conclusions. Environmental ministers from around the world are expected to discuss these issues at the COP 10 summit in Japan.

A Swedish environmental organization and the United Nations released alarming reports about the critical condition of the earth´s biodiversity last week. It comes ahead of the Conference of the Parties—or COP 10 summit—in Nagoya, Japan where the world’s environmental ministers will meet this week. The reports from the UN (TEEB) and The Swedish Society for Nature Conservation, or SSNC, show that 60 percent of ecosystems worldwide are being destroyed or used in an unsustainable way.

According to SSNC president Mikael Karlsson, four thousand species are endangered and eight hundred animals and plants are on the brink of extinction in Sweden, and the situation is even worse worldwide.

[Mikael Karlsson, President of The Swedish Society for Nature Conservation]:
“We are just having one planet but the lifestyle in Europe and even more so in North America assumes in a way that we have three or four planets. We are dependent on fossil fuels, we are over using the ecosystems to such extents that they are not renewing themselves any longer.”

According to the report, research shows if there’s not enough biodiversity it will affect the climate. Forests can absorb carbon emissions but only to a certain extent.

Biodiversity is life on Earth in all its forms. It’s essential for maintaining ecosystems—that is, processes in nature such as clean air and water, pollination of crops, and the ability of fish to reproduce in the oceans and of ecosystems to recover from disasters.

NTD News, Stockholm, Sweden.

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