Maria do Carmo Miranda da Cunha GCIH, better known by the stage name Carmen Miranda (9th February 1909 - 5th August 1955) was a Portuguese-born Brazilian samba singer and actress popular in the 1940s and 1950s. Miranda was a Broadway star and by some accounts the highest-earning woman in the United States. She achieved stardom in motion pictures, cast in musical roles. Her iconic visual identity is a fruit hat based on costumes she wore in The Gang's All Here. She is considered the precursor of Brazil's Tropicalismo.