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    Secrets of Archaeology- Athens- Western Splendor 3-3

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    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    Early Athenian Military History
    Main articles: Ionian Revolt and Persian Wars
    Prior to the rise of Athens, the city of Sparta considered itself the leader of the Greeks, or hegemon. In 499 BC Athens sent troops to aid the Ionian Greeks of Asia Minor, who were rebelling against the Persian Empire (see Ionian Revolt). This provoked two Persian invasions of Greece, both of which were defeated under the leadership of the Athenian soldier-statesmen Miltiades and Themistocles (see Persian Wars). In 490 the Athenians defeated the first invasion of the Persians, guided by the king Darius at the Battle of Marathon. In 480 the Persians returned under a new ruler, Xerxes. The Persians had to pass through a narrow straight to get to Athens. A call had been sent via a runner to Sparta for help. The Spartans were in the middle of a religious festival, and so could only send three hundred men. The 300 blocked the narrow passageway from the 200,000 men of Xerxes (the Battle of Thermopylae). They hel
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Athens
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