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Assam Pre-Wedding ritual: Nou Puruxor Shraddha

4 years ago15 views

As the Nou-Puruxor Shraddha starts, an elder of the family performs the rites for the Shraddha and prays to the elders to grace the wedding. Nou- Puruxor Shraddha is the ceremony to respect and pray to the nine generations of elders in the family. It is performed on the wedding morning.

The hustle bustle and the grandeur of the 'Biya Ghor' remains a constant throughout all the rituals spanning over a few days. 'Biya Ghor' is the place where the wedding is conducted.

An Assamese marriage is the wedding ceremony which takes place in the state of Assam or between Assamese people. In Assamese language, the ceremony is known as Biya. Just like a Hindu wedding, an Assamese wedding also has pre wedding and post wedding rituals. It is simple and yet very elegant. One of the unique and indispensable characteristic of the wedding is the traditional 'biya naam' song and the 'Uruli'. Uruli is the unique traditional sound made by womenfolk by rolling of the tongues during auspicious rituals.

The pre wedding rituals include Juran ceremony, Tel Diya custom, Pani Tola & Nuani tradition. In Juran ceremony, the groom's mother visits the house of the bride. The bride's mother greets her and gives her xhorai, brass plate with a stem. In Tel Diya custom, the groom's mother puts a ring and betel on her daughter-in-law's hair parting.

Over this she pours oil thrice. After this, she applies her sindoor and gives the wedding trousseau. It includes mekhla chadar, the traditional Assamese dress for women. In Pani Tola tradition, the mothers of the bride and the groom gather holy water for the ceremonial bath of the bride. According to Nuani tradition, the bride is given a bath to prepare her for the wedding.


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