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Biya Naam- The unique Assamese wedding folk song

4 years ago157 views

The unique 'Pani Tola' ceremony of the traditional Assamese wedding ends and the women on their way back to the wedding. The elderly women sing the Biya Naam, very unique to Assamese culture. On the day of the wedding, the womenfolk go to the river or a temple pond to bring some holy water to be used by the priest during the wedding. This is done over loud 'Urulis' and 'Biya Naams', which mark the auspiciousness of the ritual and the ceremony.

An Assamese marriage is the wedding ceremony which takes place in the state of Assam or between Assamese people. In Assamese language, the ceremony is known as Biya. Just like a Hindu wedding, an Assamese wedding also has pre wedding and post wedding rituals. It is simple and yet very elegant. One of the unique and indispensable characteristic of the wedding is the traditional 'biya naam' song and the 'Uruli'. Uruli is the unique traditional sound made by womenfolk by rolling of the tongues during auspicious rituals.

The pre wedding rituals include Juran ceremony, Tel Diya custom, Pani Tola & Nuani tradition. In Juran ceremony, the groom's mother visits the house of the bride. The bride's mother greets her and gives her xhorai, brass plate with a stem. In Tel Diya custom, the groom's mother puts a ring and betel on her daughter-in-law's hair parting.

Over this she pours oil thrice. After this, she applies her sindoor and gives the wedding trousseau. It includes mekhla chadar, the traditional Assamese dress for women. In Pani Tola tradition, the mothers of the bride and the groom gather holy water for the ceremonial bath of the bride. According to Nuani tradition, the bride is given a bath to prepare her for the wedding.

Source: culturalindia.net

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