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The importance of knowledge or ilm in Islam is confirmed by the high frequency of its presence in the Quran.
Numerous Islamic injunctions have supported the thirst for knowledge which transcended cultures and integrated the insights of the ancient world of the Greeks, Persians and Indians within a Muslim worldview.
Throughout history, Muslims were inspired to realize the Quranic ideal of knowing God and His creation.
The prominent historian Franz Rosenthal observed eight hundred different definitions of knowledge by Muslim scholars, scientists and thinkers in the medieval period.
During this time, the cities of the Muslim world hosted the leading pioneers in philosophy, science, jurisprudence and medicine.Ibn Sina and Ibn al-Haytham made enormous strides in the study of medicine.
Huge collections of books existed that enabled the accumulation of ideas and research. Tenth century Cairo was home to a single library containing 1.6 million books.