HISTORY OF HACKING 3 OF 5

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DISCOVERY CHANNEL - HISTORY OF HACKING 3 OF 3

Ken Thompson & Dennis Ritchie are one of the first hackers and the fathers of Unix. In the 1960s, they worked on the Multics operating system. While writing Multics, Thompson created the Bon programming language. The two left the Multics project as it was becoming too complex, but they took the lessons they learned to Bell Labs, where, in 1969, Thompson and Ritchie created UNIX. They also invented c programming language. Linus Benedict Torvalds, born December 28, 1969 in Helsinki, known for initiating the development of the Linux kernel. He is now acts the project coordinator.

Linus was inspired by Minix to develop his kernel. Richard Matthew Stallman (RMS) is an acclaimed software freedom activist, hacker, and software developer. In September 1983, he launched the GNU Project to create a free Unix-like operating system, and has been the project's lead architect and organizer. With the launch of the GNU project he started the free software movement, and in October 1985 set up the Free Software Foundation. He co-founded the League for Programming Freedom.

Stallman pioneered the concept of copyleft and is the main author of several copyleft licenses including the GNU General Public License, the most widely used free software license. Since the mid-1990s.

Steven Paul Jobs is the co-founder and CEO of Apple. Together with Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak, Jobs helped popularize the concept of the personal computer in the late '70s. In the early '80s, still at Apple, Jobs was among the first to see the commercial potential of the mouse-driven GUI. After being pushed aside in 1985 by Apple's board of directors, Jobs founded NeXT, a computer platform development company specializing in the higher education and business markets. NeXT's subsequent 1997 buyout by Apple brought Jobs back to the company he co-founded, and he has served as its chief executive officer since his return.

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