Roy Eldridge in 1980 in a program called Jump Street plays " Sometimes I'm Happy" with his pianist Ted Strugis. John Morris on bass and Eddie Locke on drums.
Roy Eldridge was a jazz trumpet player in the Swing era. His sophisticated use of harmony, including the use of tritone substitutions, resulted in him sometimes being seen as the link between Louis Armstrong-era swing music and Dizzy Gillespie-era bebop.
Roy Eldridge (1911 -- 1989) was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and originally played drums, trumpet and tuba. His nickname was Little Jazz. He led bands from his early years, moving to St. Louis, and then to New York. He absorbed the influence of saxophonists Benny Carter and Coleman Hawkins.
Eldridge was very versatile on his horn, not only quick and articulate with the low to middle registers, but the high registers as well. The high register lines that Eldridge employed were one of many prominent features of his playing, another being blasts of rapid double time notes followed by a return to standard time. These stylistic points were heavy influences on Dizzy Gillespie, who, along with Charlie Parker, brought bebop into existence. Eldridge participated in some of the early jam sessions at Minton's Playhouse. A careful listening to BeBop standards, such as the song BeBop, will reveal how much Eldridge influenced this genre of Jazz.
In 1941 Eldridge joined Gene Krupa's Orchestra. He also dueted with Anita O'Day on a song which became a novelty hit. He then joined Artie Shaw's band.
In the postwar years, he became part of the group which toured under the Jazz at the Philharmonic banner. He moved to Paris for a time, before returning to New York, where he worked with Coleman Hawkins, Ella Fitzgerald among others. After a stroke in 1980, he continued performing on other instruments for the remainder of his life.