Global 3000 2
Player mode on | off
Men tinker, varnish and weld; women wear make-up, teach pre-school and care for other people. Those stereotypes may seem antiquated, but typically female and male professions still stubbornly hold their ground. In Germany, for every single male pre-school teacher, cosmetician or nurse, there are nine women. Based on a micro-census, the Federal Statistical Office has evaluated the professions men and women have chosen in the past twenty years. The conclusion: scarcely anything has changed.
Miguel M?ndez Garc?a lives in Pilangosta, in Costa Rica. He's 37 years old and works as the manager of a nature reserve.
Many recent studies indicate an alarming imbalance in the gender ratio in several countries. In some regions of China and India, there is an acute lack of women. The reason for the demographic imbalance is the traditional preference for sons and the years of systematic abortion of female fetuses. An interview with Babatunde Osotimehin, Executive Director of the United Nations Population Fund.
Bringing light to rural regions that lack electricity is one of the greatest challenges facing developing countries. While extending the power grid will still take several decades in countries such as Rwanda and India, private entrepreneurs are delivering practical solutions. Sameer Hajee founded Nuru Lights, a company that makes LED lamps that run on rechargeable batteries.Despite that, the batteries have to be recharged far from any power supply system. Instead of solar cells, Hajee is using converted bicycles that can charge the batteries in 20 minutes. The LEDs can then be used for up to ten days - a huge step away from climate-damaging kerosene.
Banitsa is the queen of Bulgarian cuisine. These stuffed pastries have been a fixture on Bulgarian tables since the Middle Ages. The dough is simple and is made of flour, salt, and water. And they come with a wide variety of fillings.
Adult lions are at the top of the food chain and have no natural enemies, except human beings. But for lions of Namibia, that enemy has become a huge problem. African farmers kill hundreds of them every year to protect their livestock.Now, a handful of determined conservationists are trying to ease the conflict by making it possible for humans and big cats to live in peaceful proximity at the southern margin of Etosha National Park, in northern Namibia.
They are Muslims and Americans. But many of their fellow Americans mistrust them or are hostile. We take a look at some of the prejudices and the difficulties Muslims face in leading a normal life in the United States.
We travel to the posh Saas-Fee ski resort to visit Beat Anthamatten and his wife Chantal, practicing Christians with four children. They receive guests from all over the world year round at their hotel, which is built in the traditional wood-frame style.
Thailand needs ever more energy for its industry. It already imports up to 10 percent of its electricity. The growth of industry is bringing a sharp rise in greenhouse gas emissions. Now a German-Thai project funded by the International Climate Protection Initiative is working for a more efficient use of energy, thereby contributing to climate protection. The Thai government has a long-term goal of "Low-Carbon Industry". It is collaborating with Germany in the umbrella organization "Energy Efficiency for Small and Medium Enterprises" on several pilot energy-efficiency projects in small and mid-sized companies. The Environment Ministry holds consultations regularly. The aim is to cooperate with German experts and develop an "Energy Use and Climate Protection Plan" for Thailand's economy.
The farmers of Bolivia's arid south have been hard hit by global warming. The rainy seasons are growing shorter, leaving parched fields during the long dry stretches. Better water management and new irrigation strategies could help farmers adapt to the changing climate. A pilot project under the auspices of the International Climate Initiative and the GIZ is helping farmers in the Bolivian Andes to "harvest water." It includes building canals and cisterns, repairing dams, reforesting and setting up water distribution systems.
Wood is the main source of energy in Cambodia, which has resulted in widespread deforestation. In response, Carlo Talamanca of Spain has developed an alternative - briquets made from coconut shells and dried organic waste. The fuel does not use chopped lumber - giving it a clear advantage. The briquets are inexpensive and burn longer than wood. To reach a wider market, Talamanca is working with a French aid group that turns students into a sales force.
Along with Greece and Ireland, Portugal was the third EU member to receive an international bailout. It's now deep in recession, forcing a generation to go abroad in search of work. The old and very young are often left behind. Rosy and Anthony Almeida have been taking care of their grandchildren since their daughter Sonia moved to Angola. The children keep in touch with their mother via Skype. She regularly sends money home to pay for the family's upkeep. Even after deep spending cuts, the Portuguese economy is forecast to shrink by over 3 percent this year.
In the mountains of northern Pakistan, conventional bank loans are hard to come by. Microfinance offers an avenue for poor communities to obtain credit. It is based on the principles of solidarity and empowerment. In 2004, the people banded together and started to pool their resources. They decide who will receive credit and what the interest rate will be democratically. Yasmen Akhtarhat used a small loan to expand her garden. Now she sells fruit and vegetables at the market to supplement her family's income.
Until 1975, Angola was a Portuguese colony. Independence was followed by a lengthy civil war, which left the country in ruins. Now the tables have turned, and the former colony has become a booming economy and job engine for its former colonial master. 100,000 Portuguese have emigrated to Angola since the eurozone crisis began. The trade in diamonds and oil has sparked a construction boom in Luanda. Ourreporter meets an architect from Portugal who is shaping the new Angola.
Oxana Levtchuk shows us the living room in the apartment she shares with her husband and 7-year-old daughter Tina in Kiev. Also part of the family are a turtle named Salomon and a parakeet named Gosha.
As Morocco’s economy grows, it needs more and more energy - some ten percent more each year. A new wind farm outside Tangier is now one of the country’s biggest and most promising energy providers. Morocco still has to import most of its energy resources. But that is set to change. Wind farms like the 140-megawatt Tanger outside Tangier are producing an ever growing share. The skills and technology are key to further development.
Former Bulgarian prime minister Sergei Stanishev is now the interim president of the Party of European Socialists (PES).Stanishev says he is concerned about major inequalities between rich and poor countries. For more Global 3000 go to http://www.dw.de/dw/episode/9798/0,,15821283,00.html
Many people in Senegal depend on agriculture and aquaculture to make a living - with most of those involved working illegally. The country's economy has suffered from both chronic mismanagement and the effects of extreme weather - meaning hunger is a major concern for the population.People living along the Casamance River depend on rice production and logging for their livelihood. Now, one initiative is looking to help women earn a living via oyster farming - and protect the mangrove forest. With the help of a small loan, the project's leader Seynabou Diatta is pursuing an environmentally friendly way to harvest oysters. For more Global 3000 go to http://www.dw.de/dw/episode/9798/0,,15821283,00.html
Christian Hiss wants to save farms facing bankruptcy in Germany and create sustainable farming that is also economically viable. He founded a company in the Freiburg region in 2006. The aim is to enable financing for regional, environmentally friendly and sustainable farming.
Fans say Sing's snack bar has been serving the best noodle soup in Luang Prabang for twenty years. It opens at six thirty in the morning and closes just three and a half hours later because it has sold out. A meal costs between one and six euros.