The roots of female genital cutting are deeply intertwined with the Sudan’s religious and cultural traditions and the concept of female honour. The Arabic word to describe a girl who is not cut is a word of shame. UNICEF and the European Union support the Saleema campaign—which gives new status to girls who are uncut.
Le Sénégal est le fer de lance du mouvement d'abandon de l'excision. En un peu plus d'une décennie, près de quatre des cinq mille communautés pratiquant l'excision ont annoncé qu'elles abandonnaient la coutume. Ces deux dernières années ont été les témoins de changements très rapides grâce à l'appui de l'Union européenne aux partenaires de l'UNICEF au Sénégal. Il est désormais possible que cette pratique néfaste cesse définitivement d'ici à 2015.
Senegal is at the forefront of the campaign to stop female genital cutting. In little more than a decade, nearly four of the five thousand practicing communities have announced that they will abandon the practice. The last two years have seen the most rapid change, thanks to support from the European Union for UNICEF partners in Senegal. It is now possible that the custom will end by 2015.
More than 70 per cent of Ethiopia’s forty million adult women have been subjected to female genital cutting. But that number is dropping rapidly. In its efforts to support the end of female genital cutting within a generation UNICEF and the European Union have been promoting positive social change in the three regions of Ethiopia where cutting is most prevalent.
Today almost 40% of Guyana's population live below the poverty line.The disease burden in impoverished communities is overwhelming and mothers and children continue to die of preventable diseases.The EC/ACP/WHO partnership on the Health Millenium Development Goals supports national efforts to improve the health of mothers and infants.Over the period of four years, midwives, nurses and doctors have been trained in emergency obstetrics and newborn care.
Sanitation for all is still a distant dream in Burkina Faso, but a EU UNICEF self-help project is provdiding 75000 families with latrines. In the Salogo village in 2007, only 8 percent of households had latrines. Today 40 percent of villagers have their own latrines.
Six districts of Tigray and further 72 in the rest of Ethiopia are being targetted by UNICEF, the EU and the Government in a 23,1 million Euro programme aimed at bringing water and sanitation to 1 million people . Since 2006 in Tigray, the influence of the EU-UNICEF partnership - in particular the hygiene training and the contstruction of demonstration latrines - has encourages 750000 housholds to build their own facilites. As a result, the number of homes with latrines has increased from 60 percent to 90 percent. The community has seen a reduction of tangible dieseases of 64 percent, while 74 percent of people have gained access to safe water.
Sanitation for all is still a distant dream in Burkina Faso, but a EU UNICEF self-help project is provding 75000 families with latrines. In the Salogo village in 2007, only 8 percent of households had latrines. Today 40 percent of villagers have their own latrines.
Open Defecation Free communities are what Esther and her companions at WERI (Women Empowerment and Rights Initiative) want to achieve. It is part of an effort supported by the European Union, UNICEF and the Nigerian government to bring safe water and sanitation to poor communities.