PBS FRONTLINE: HOUSE OF SAUD PART 1 OF 6 Saudi Arabia—one of the United States' most important allies for more than sixty years—is home to vast oil fields and a wealthy, often extravagant, monarchy. It is also home to fifteen of the nineteen terrorists responsible for the attacks of September 11, 2001. Until 9/11, most Americans paid little attention to how the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was run. But in the aftermath of the attacks, America awoke to some difficult truths about its longtime ally: for decades, Saudi wealth and charities supported individuals and organizations dedicated to doing America harm, and its universities and religious schools—known as madrassas—prepared countless young men for jihad against the West. Today, Saudi television broadcasts programs where children read poems against Jews and in praise of Islamic martyrs. Recently twenty-six Saudi clerics, among them, Sheikh Nasser al-Omar, issued a fatwa, or edict, encouraging Muslims to fight the Americans in Iraq. And in December 2004, gunmen attacked the American consulate in Jeddah. "Investigating the history of U.S.-Saudi relations, it quickly becomes clear that this is an alliance built on quicksand," says co-producer Martin Smith, who has reported from the region for previous FRONTLINE films including "Saudi Time Bomb?" and "In Search of Al Qaeda." It was Franklin Roosevelt, seen in rare archival footage conducting a top-secret World War II meeting with Saudi King Abd al-Aziz on board the USS Quincy, who established the basic principles behind the U.S.-Saudi alliance
PBS FRONTLINE: HOUSE OF SAUD PART 2 OF 6 "America struck a pact with Saudi Arabia, and the deal was very simple," says Youssef Ibrahim, former Middle East bureau chief for The New York Times. "You give us oil at cheap prices, and we will give you protection. This protection eventually evolved into an American hegemony over the entire Gulf region, that this was an American area of influence, and in return for this it shall be protected from all enemies." As history shows, this agreement between Saudi Arabia's royal family and the U.S government has been challenged time and again by Saudi Arabia's fundamentalist Islamic population, who distrust American influence and intention and oppose America's alliance with Israel. Resentment against the royal family also grew following the oil embargo of 1973, when massive amounts of wealth—and an influx of Western goods and services— challenged Saudi Arabia's deeply religious and traditional society. In 1979, the region erupted. In nearby Iran, Islamic fundamentalists overthrew the Shah in a bitterly anti-American revolution. That same year, a band of militants in Saudi Arabia attacked and occupied the holiest of Islam's holy shrines, the Mosque of Mecca. After a bloody twenty-one day siege, the militants were defeated and sixty-three were beheaded. "It was a warning bell that the ship of state had drifted," says Islamic cleric Nasser al Omar. Desperate to maintain leadership, the royal family reacted quickly. "We killed the extremists of 1979," says liberal Saudi Arabian columnist Sulaiman al-Hattlan. "But a few months later we adopted their ideology. We gave them what they wanted. We started competing on how to appear more conservative just to protect our reputation."
PBS FRONTLINE: HOUSE OF SAUD PART 3 OF 6 "House of Saud" also tells the story of the 1990 Iraqi invasion of Kuwait and the arrival in the kingdom of American troops to fight the war against Saddam. "As the American forces started coming in, there were voices that spoke of an invasion by these people," says Khaled Al Maeena, editor-in-chief of Arab News. "[They said] they're defiling the country…they will make us change our religion, or…make us doubt our way of life." When Iraq was driven from Kuwait, U.S. troops remained in Saudi Arabia. The presence of U.S. troops became the chief rallying cry for the most famous of all Saudis, Osama bin Laden. Bin Laden's anti-American and anti-royal fatwas struck a note with many Saudis. And after 9/11, American attitudes changed as well. "When it became clear that fifteen of the nineteen [terrorists] were Saudis, that was a disaster," says Adel Al-Jubeir, foreign affairs advisor to Saudi Crown Prince Abdullah. "Bin Laden, at that moment, had made in the minds of Americans Saudi Arabia into an enemy." Offering context and perspective for understanding the country of Saudi Arabia in 2005, this report also illuminates the challenges this nation faces in the future.
PBS FRONTLINE: HOUSE OF SAUD PART 4 OF 6 Members of the Al Saud royal family and Saudi officials, historians, activists and religious leaders -The king of Saudi Arabia, Crown Prince Abdullah -Saudi attorney,Bassim Alim -A historian at Riyadh's King Saud Univerity and a crusader for women's rights,Dr. al-Fassi -A historian & currently a lecturer in social anthropology at King's College, London, Dr. al-Rasheed -A businessman and frequent commentator in the Arab media, Prince Amr is the grandson of King Faisal who ruled from 1964 to 1975. -Prince Bandar has served as Saudi Arabia's ambassador to the U.S. since 1983 -The Foreign Minister of Saudi Arabia, Prince Saud al-Faisal -One of 26 prominent Saudi clerics & a Wahhabi fundamentalist, Sheikh Nasser al-Omar -Sheikh Saleh al-Sheikh has been Saudi Arabia's Minister of Islamic Affairs, Endowment and Dawa since 1999 -Dr. Sulaiman al-Hattlan is an American-educated Saudi journalist and columnist for the Saudi daily newspaper.
PBS FRONTLINE: HOUSE OF SAUD PART 6 OF 6 The House of Saud- A View of the Modern Saudi Dynasty The House of Al Saud traces its origins to the 18th century emir, Muhammad ibn Saud, whose family ruled large parts of the Arabian Peninsula for over three hundred years. The modern House of Saud was established in 1932, when Abd al-Aziz ibn Saud, a direct descendent of the 18th-century ruler, established the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia with himself as absolute monarch. Today, only his descendents are considered part of the "royal" family line and eligible to ascend the throne. According to the Quran, a Muslim is permitted up to four wives at one time and is allowed to divorce and remarry numerous times. King Abd al-Aziz cemented alliances by marrying a daughter of every tribal chief in his realm, producing 45 legitimate sons and having at least 22 wives. Every Saudi king since has been a son of Abd al- Aziz. The number of his daughters is not known - they were not counted - but are estimated to be more than 50. Though many of his contemporaries regarded his practice of polygamy as excessive, it was continued and surpassed by his son, King Saud, who had 53 sons and at least 54 daughters. The descendents of King Abd al-Aziz now number in the thousands, many of whom hold important government positions. Before he died, King Abd al-Aziz established a line of succession: Future kings were to be chosen from among his own sons, beginning with the oldest surviving son, Saud, and followed by the second oldest, Faisal. To date, five sons have ruled: Saud (1953-1964), Faisal (1964-1975), Khalid (1975-1982), Fahd (1982-2005), and Abdullah (2005-present). Several of his other sons currently serve in the highest levels of government: Salman, Nayef and Sultan - three of the famous "Sudayri Seven," a close-knit group of seven sons born to a mother from the Sudayri tribe.
PBS FRONTLINE: HOUSE OF SAUD PART 5 OF 6 The US-Saudi Relationship The 9/11 terror attack (15 of the 19 terrorists were Saudis), the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, the Iraq war, the U.S.'s call for greater reform in the kingdom -- all have strained the sixty-year-old U.S.-Saudi alliance. Here discussing the tensions, and offering some larger thoughts on how the two countries can go forward, are former U.S. ambassador Robert Jordan, journalist Robert Lacey, Saudi Foreign Minister Prince Saud al-Faisal, and Saudi attorney and reform activist Bassim Alim. These excerpts are from their extended interviews. The Most Pivotal Issue A look at the force of religion in Saudi Arabia, its dominant faith, Wahhabism, and the power of the religious establishment, the ulama. Drawn from FRONTLINE's interviews with former U.S. ambassadors to Saudi Arabia Hermann Eilts and Robert Jordan; Saudi Minister of Islamic Affairs Sheikh Saleh al-Asheikh; journalist Robert Lacey; and Dr. Khalil al-Khalil, from the Imam Muhammad ibn Saud Islamic University. What is Saudi Arabia's Future? In a dangerously shifting society, can the House of Saud adjust to change without jeopardizing its own survival? Here are views from journalist Robert Lacey, former U.S. Ambassador Robert Jordan, attorney and reform activist Bassim Alim, and Saudi Foreign Minister Prince Saud al-Faisal. Who Are the Islamists? A Sept. 2004 briefing (pdf file, 540k) by International Crisis Group that examines the genealogy of Saudi Arabia's various Islamist groupings, the "new Islamists" pressing for change, and the growing rift between violent and non-violent activists. This report includes a chronology of the most recent violence and a summary of Al Qaeda's organizational structure on the Arabian Peninsula.
My name is Nathalie Morin and I'm a political hostage with my husband and our children of the Saudi National Security Department in Ministry Interior Federal Head Quarters in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia since March 5th 2005. We are blacklisted on the Saudi National Black List , we're NOT allowed to get a passport , we're NOT allowed to get an ID card without blacklisted data , we're NOT allowed to get a family ID as any Saudi families does have , we're NOT allowed to get out of Saudi territory even just for tourism purpose within GCC countries , we cannot do anything without asking permission from Saudi government and we must to live as miserable political hostages
Saudi ArabiaHouse of SaudRiyadhAbdullah of Saudi Arabia
My youtube URLhttp://www.youtube.com/user/Saudipolitical1984?feature=mheeNathalie Morin, Canadian politico-secret hostage with her three children and her husband of the Saudi National Security Department in Ministry Interior Federal Head Quarters in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia since march 5th 2005.
Saudi ArabiaHouse of SaudRiyadhAbdullah of Saudi Arabia
My youtube URL :http://www.youtube.com/user/Saudipolitical1984?feature=mheeNiqab eb Arabie-Saoudite, Hijab / Voileemail@example.com***Je m'appelle Nathalie Morin et je suis une otage Canadienne politico-secrete avec mes trois enfants et mon mari du Departement de la Securite Nationale au Ministere de l'Interieur Federal National Head Quarters a Riyadh, Arabie-Saoudite depuis le 5 mars 2005.
Sunni IslamReligious conversionSaudi ArabiaHouse of Saud
My name is Nathalie Morin and I'm a political hostage with my husband and our children of the Saudi National Security Department in Ministry Interior Federal Head Quarters in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia since March 5th 2005. We are blacklisted on the Saudi National Black List , we're NOT allowed to get a passport , we're NOT allowed to get an ID card without blacklisted data , we're NOT allowed to get a family ID card as any Saudi families does have , we're NOT allowed to get out of Saudi territory even just for tourism purpose within GCC countries ,
Saudi ArabiaHouse of SaudRiyadhAbdullah of Saudi Arabia
My youtube URL :http://www.youtube.com/user/Saudipolitical1984?feature=mheeNathalie Morin, Canadian political hostage with her three children and her husband of the Saudi National Security Department in Ministry Interior Federal National Head Quarters in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia since march 5th 2005. They are blacklisted on the Saudi National Black List. They can't get out of Saudi territory, they can't get a passport, they must to ask permission from Saudi government for anything they wan to do and they must to live in a misery absolute.
IslamSaudi ArabiaIbn Saud of Saudi ArabiaHouse of Saud